Renewable energy sources
|Updated: 23.3.2017 - Next update: 8.12.2017|
The use of fossil fuels grew by five per cent from the previous year and their share in total energy consumption was 38 per cent. Renewable energy was used almost as much as in the previous year and its share was 34 per cent. In addition, for renewable energy, it should be noted that the consumption of biofuels fell by 65 per cent, after having been on record level in two previous years. Annual variation in the consumption of biofuels is caused by Finland's biofuel legislation, which gives distributors the possibility to fulfil the bio obligation flexibly in advance.
EU targets for renewable energy are calculated relative to final energy consumption and in Finland this share has been around three to five percentage points higher than the share calculated from total energy consumption. Finland's target for the share of renewable energy is 38 per cent of final energy consumption in 2020. In 2015, this share was 39.3 per cent.
Statistics Finland / Energy consumption
Description of indicator
A common feature of renewable energy sources is that their sustainable use does not deplete their stocks in the long term. The goal of increasing the use of renewable energy sources is closely related to sustainable development and actions that do not limit the options of future generations.
Growth in the use of renewable energy sources is connected with climate agreements and curbing climate warming. Although the key motivation for increasing the use of renewable energy is reducing greenhouse gas emissions, use of renewable energy sources also promotes use of bioenergy and other domestic energy, steers society to invest in research and product development, and improves and maintains security of supply in the energy sector.
The renewable energy sources used in Finland are hydro and wind power, solar energy, aerothermal energy and ground heat captured by heat pumps, biogas, biodegradable parts of recovered and waste fuels, wood-based fuels, and other vegetable and animal-based fuels.