Total consumption of natural resources
|Updated: 19.11.2013 - Next update: 19.11.2014|
In 2012, direct inputs used by the national economy totalled around 240 million tonnes, of which domestic inputs made up 185 million tonnes. The biggest domestic natural resource inputs are ore, gravel and sand, and wood and plants. Plants and wild animals accounted for around five per cent of domestic inputs, i.e. ten million tonnes. Over the past decades, the use of domestic natural resources has been at its lowest during the 1990s recession, in 1993 around 140 million tonnes.
In 2012, Finland's national economy used altogether 560 million tonnes of natural resources. Of this amount, around 245 million tonnes remained abroad as hidden flows and about 75 million tonnes were extracted, but unused in the home country. Unused natural resources in the home country come particularly from mining and quarrying, transfer of soil materials and felling. The amount of hidden flows and unused natural resources is bigger than that of inputs.
In 2012, the biggest changes in domestic inputs from the year before were decreases in peat extraction and increases in mining of metal ores. Direct inputs of imported processed products diminished by nearly five per cent, but their hidden flows grew by almost four per cent. This was occasioned by growing imports of ores and electrical equipment. Large hidden flows from abroad are connected to them.
Statistics Finland started publishing the Economy-wide material flow accounts in 2011. The statistics are part of environmental accounts, on which the European Union passed a Regulation in 2011 and the UN gave an international recommendation last year.Statistical release
Statistics Finland / Economy-wide material flow accounts
Description of indicator
The accounts comprise data on domestic and foreign material inputs into
Finland's economy, on domestic and foreign hidden flows as well as on materials
Domestic direct inputs refer to materials extracted from domestic nature for further processing in the economy. Examples of these would be wood and minerals used as raw materials, earth materials used in construction, and plants and wild animals used as food for animals and humans.
Foreign direct inputs comprise imports of processed and raw materials. Correspondingly, exports comprise of raw and processed materials exported abroad.
Domestic hidden flows refer to the transfers and transformations of natural materials that are made in connection with their extraction from nature or with construction. Examples of these would be logging waste left in forests, and wall rock of ore mines. Hidden flows of imports are comprised of the direct inputs and hidden flows which are used abroad to produce imported goods but which do not show in the weight of imported raw materials or products.
The total material requirement calculated from these accounts is the sum of domestic and foreign direct inputs and hidden flows. Direct inputs represent the actual volume of material entering the Finnish economy and, together with domestic hidden flows, the material volume behind the burdening of the domestic environment. The total material requirement of our economy is obtained by adding to this the hidden flows of imports, i.e. the global ecological environmental burdening of our economy.