Generation of waste 

Updated: 20.12.2016 - Next update: 30.11.2017

Incineration and recycling of waste have replaced landfills for municipal waste

The disposal of waste in the bank on landfill sites has become rarer. Last year, only good one tenth of municipal waste was disposed in this manner. It has been replaced by recovery of waste. Energy production and recycling have competed for the recovery of freed landfill waste. Energy use of waste is winning.

Increasingly more municipal waste is burnt

Nearly one-half of all municipal waste is burnt in Finland's seven incineration and co-incineration plants. The growth has been strong in waste incineration. Over the past decade, the incineration capacity has grown six-fold and will grow this year by two new plants. Mixed waste is turning into mere energy waste and separately collected waste into recycled material.

Recycling strengthened

Recycling refers to restoration of waste material to use. Recycling is the most pursued method for a waste management alternative in the whole of Europe. Last year, Finland took a substantial stride towards top countries in recycling of separately collected municipal waste. The recycling quantities of electrical and electronic waste and glass and metal waste increased. The most influencing factor was, however, the specification of the quantity and recycling of fibre packaging waste generated in the field of trade. The recycling rate of fibre packaging waste is very high.

Total quantity of municipal waste has been standardised

The quantity of municipal waste has been 2.4 to 2.8 million tonnes per year in Finland after the turn of the millennium. There has been no such trend in the quantities from which it could be said that the quantity of municipal waste has grown or fallen. Nearly 90 per cent of municipal waste was recovered last year, so in this area the circular economy is coming to an end.

Statistics Finland / Waste statistics

Description of indicator

Municipal waste refers to waste generated in households and waste comparable to household waste generated in production, especially in the service industries. The general common feature of municipal waste is that it is generated in the consumption of final products in communities and is covered by municipal waste management systems. Waste treatment refers to the recovery, neutralisation and final disposal of waste.